Cicada fly with a natural cicada in profile on the butt of a fly fishing rod held hrizontally
title text image for and

Fly Design & Tying Steps

I like how designing flies merges creativity with nature and her laws, and that fish are the ultimate impartial judges.


When I first began fishing in New Zealand, I found that even with good presentation many fish were only fooled with good imitations of what they were feeding on. This set me on a path of developing accurate imitations of the main insects and fish that trout like eating.


I spent many hours in the pages of a growing collection of books and other literature, which did not provide the visual detail necessary to accurately replicate these important 'trout prey'.


Scientific papers had good information on life-cycles and species identification but did not often include colour photographs. Popular articles and books did provide photographs of insect dorsal (top) surfaces, but the ventral (underneath) surfaces, variations in colour, and appearances while drifting on or under water, were not easily found.


I began observing and studying insects and other 'trout prey' in, on, and alongside rivers, recording details and taking the photographs I needed to faithfully imitate them.


Evolving fly designs flowed continuously through my head, but promising prototypes rarely matched the mental image. When they did, they often did not behave on or in the water the way naturals did.


Developing new designs took months, even years.

I knew a fly was done when I was no longer plagued by ideas of improving it. Or when the pattern rested peacefully in my mind, without morphing into a thousand variants.


After travelling this creative design path for 17 years, I am in the process of collating my research, photographs and fly patterns into a book on designing flies.


Below are some of my tried-and-true fly patterns, with information on their design and step by step tying instructions.

Subscribe to receive emails when new articles are available here about fly fishing, gear reviews and fly patterns.

+   Effective Spey flies for New Zealand Trout and techniques for fishing them

+   Evolution of the Swing Minnow - A deadly Trout Spey Streamer

+   Introduction to wonders of Stretch Cord

+   Jelly Midge

+   Jelly Bloodworm and Jelly Grub

+   Jelly Caddis

+   Jelly Leg Colly

+   Jelly Bellow Minnow


+   Jelly Crimp Nymph

+   Hot Foam Hopper

+   Hare's Mask Darter

+   Silicone Wing Cicada - Designing the Fly


+   Silicone Wing Cicada - Tying Steps

+   Gurgle Pop Minnow

+   Cutting your own Foam Cylinder

  •  | 
  •  | 
  •  | 
  •  | 
  •  | 
  •  | 

  • Home Icon for contacting silverwater fly fishing leaping trout graphic Email message icon for Silverwater Fishing
    copyright icon and text for Marc Griffiths 2020